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Saudi Arabia: Health and safety

Updating author: Sara Khoja, Clyde & Co LLP
Original author: Al Tamimi & Company

See the legal services provided by the authors/consultant editors of XpertHR International > Saudi Arabia, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • There is no general statutory requirement for employers to appoint safety representatives, and no statutory entitlement for employees to elect or appoint such representatives. (See Safety representatives)
  • The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development is responsible, through its labour inspectors, for monitoring and enforcing the application of employment legislation, including health and safety provisions. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • Compensation for occupational injury or illness is provided by a statutory "occupational hazards" insurance scheme, administered by the General Organisation for Social Insurance, and employers must register their employees under this scheme and contribute the equivalent of 2% of the employees' pay for the insurance. (See Compensation for occupational injury or illness)