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Finland: Health and safety

Original and updating author: Teea Kemppinen


  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act is the main legislation governing health and safety at work. (See General)
  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • At workplaces where at least 10 employees regularly work, the employees must elect from among themselves an occupational safety and health representative to represent them in cooperation with the employer on health and safety. (See Safety representatives)
  • The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health and its regional Occupational Safety and Health Administrations are the authorities responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with health and safety legislation. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • Employers are obliged to insure all employees who work for them for more than 12 days in a calendar year against occupational accidents and illnesses. (See Compensation for occupational injury or illness)