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Italy: Equal opportunities

Original author: Massimo Pallini
Updating author: Giacomo Matto


  • Direct and indirect discrimination in relation to all aspects of the employment contract are prohibited on various grounds. (See General)
  • Difference in treatment on the prohibited grounds is permitted in certain circumstances. (See Exemptions)
  • There are various legal rules specific to discrimination on each of the prohibited grounds. (See Specific provisions)
  • Harassment and sexual harassment are considered discrimination. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Employees are protected against victimisation by their employer. (See Victimisation)
  • Employers may take positive action to abolish existing inequalities. (See Positive action)
  • Employees who consider that they have suffered discrimination can sue their employers in the labour courts. (See Remedies and penalties)