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Saudi Arabia: Health and safety

Original and updating authors: Hesham Al Homoud, Al Tamimi & Company; and Alanoud Alsaeed
Updating author: Zahir Qayum, Al Tamimi & Company


  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • There is no general statutory requirement for employers to appoint safety representatives, and no statutory entitlement for employees to elect or appoint such representatives. (See Safety representatives)
  • The Ministry of Labour is responsible, through its labour inspectors, for monitoring and enforcing the application of employment legislation, including health and safety provisions. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • Compensation for occupational injury or illness is provided by a statutory "occupational hazards" insurance scheme, administered by the General Organisation for Social Insurance, and employers must register their employees under this scheme and contribute the equivalent of 2% of the employees' pay for the insurance. (See Compensation for occupational injury or illness)