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Russia: Equal opportunities

Original and updating authors: Irina Anyukhina and Olga Pimanova, ALRUD

Consultant editor: Anna Chaykina, LLC LEGAL PRO

See the legal services provided by the authors/consultant editors of XpertHR International > Russia, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • The main principles of employment legislation (as stated in the Labour Code) include prohibiting discrimination and ensuring equality of opportunities for employees. (See General)
  • In general, discrimination in relation to employment is forbidden on any grounds other than the work-related qualities of the employee or job applicant. (See Exemptions)
  • Employment legislation does not deal specifically with sexual harassment or harassment on other grounds. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Legislation does not provide any specific protection from dismissal or disadvantage for an employee who has complained of unlawful discrimination, or witnessed or reported such discrimination. (See Victimisation)
  • Employers with 35 or more employees must employ a certain quota of individuals with disabilities. (See Positive action)
  • A range of remedies are available to employees who believe that they have suffered discrimination or sexual harassment in relation to work. (See Remedies and penalties)