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How to Conduct a Job Analysis

Author: Linda Segall, Segall Enterprises

Job analysis is a process by which the employer gathers, analyzes and synthesizes information about the work performed by its people. The process is helpful to employers on a number of different levels, such as hiring employees; assigning pay grades to achieve internal pay equity and external market competitiveness; organizing and managing workflow; managing performance; providing appropriate training and development; and complying with the law, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which requires essential job functions to be identified in written job descriptions.

All job analysis entails three basic processes: information gathering, analysis and compilation, and documentation, which can be broken down into the following steps: