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Canada: Health and safety

Original/updating authors: Nafisah Chowdhury, Jenifer Gentle, Andrea Johnson, Ashley Mitchell, Gordon Nekolaichuk, David Tsai and Zeinab Yousif, Miller Thomson

Consultant editor: Margaret Gavins, McCarthy Tétrault


  • Occupational health and safety in Canada is governed by specific legislation in each province and territory, as well as federal legislation that applies only to federally regulated employers. (See General)
  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • Legislation in most jurisdictions provides for employers to set up a joint health and safety committee in workplaces over a certain size, and for workers to select one or more health and safety representatives in smaller workplaces that are not covered by the requirement to establish a committee. (See Health and safety representatives and committees)
  • Each jurisdiction has its own public authority responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with its health and safety legislation. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • A compensation scheme for occupational injuries and illnesses is provided by "workers' compensation" legislation in all provinces and territories, and is government-administered and employer-funded. (See Compensation for occupational injury or illness)