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Germany: Health and safety

Updating author: Dr Timo Karsten and Maren Makowka, Osborne Clarke, Germany

Original author: Karen Ullmann

See the legal services provided by the updating author of XpertHR International > Germany, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • Health and safety is regulated both by statute and by guidelines issued by occupational accident insurance funds. (See General)
  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties of employers and employees)
  • Employers with more than 20 employees must appoint at least one safety representative. (See Safety representatives)
  • Health and safety inspection and enforcement is covered by supervisory agencies and occupational accident insurance funds. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • All employees must be insured against work-related accidents and occupational illnesses with statutory occupational accident insurance funds. (See Compensation for injury or illness)