Germany: Industrial relations
Updating author: Nils-Frederik Wiehmann and Hannah-Maria Kampherm, Osborne Clarke, Germany
Original author: Karen Ullmann
See the legal services provided by the updating author of XpertHR International > Germany, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.
- The German constitution guarantees the right to form and join trade unions and protects their activities. (See Trade unions)
- Around half the workforce in Germany is covered by collective bargaining agreements, which are subject to specific legal provisions, and collective bargaining takes place mainly at the sector/industry level. (See Collective bargaining agreements)
- To be lawful, a strike must be organised by a trade union and must follow a secret ballot conducted according to democratic principles. (See Strikes and picketing)
- Employers may use a lock-out as a reaction to a strike by employees. (See Lock-outs)