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The Unionization Process: Vermont

The Unionization Process requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Susan Borowski, Reliable Writing Services


  • Labor relations for most private sector employees fall under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). However, for those employees that are not covered under the NLRA, Vermont governs labor relations by means of the Vermont State Labor Relations Act. See State Labor Relations Act.
  • Under the Vermont State Labor Relations Act, employees enjoy rights similar to those granted by the NLRA. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
  • Employees can sign a petition to form a union, or the employer can choose to voluntarily recognize a labor organization as the bargaining representative of employees. See Collective Bargaining Process.
  • Vermont is not a "right to work" state. See Right to Work.