Paid Sick Leave by State and Municipality
Author: Michelle Barrett Falconer, Littler
While no federal law* requires paid sick leave in private employment, there is a growing trend at the state and local levels to protect employees who may otherwise be forced to choose between going to work sick and losing pay and, in some cases, their jobs. Paid sick leave provides an employee with financial peace of mind when the employee cannot work due to his or her own illness or because he or she needs to care for a sick family member.
Certain private employers in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and several municipalities** are required (or soon will be required) to provide some form of paid sick leave to eligible employees. This chart gives an employer an overview of the various paid sick leave laws in effect, or soon to take effect, in the private sector. Please note that this chart is not all-inclusive and that other smaller municipalities may have also enacted paid sick leave laws.
The information contained in this chart regarding accrual and usage are based upon the employer using an accrual method (not lump sum/frontloading).
*Executive Order 13706 requires federal contractors and subcontractors to provide paid sick leave, effective January 1, 2017. The details pertaining to this order are not included on this chart.
**More than a dozen states have enacted so-called preemption laws that prohibit municipalities from adopting regulations that expand on state or federal leave requirements. However, existing municipal laws are often grandfathered in.
Due to its large size, this chart is presented in a pop-up overlay. To view the chart in full size, simply click anywhere on the thumbnail image below. Then navigate the chart by clicking and dragging. To close the chart, click on the "X" in the upper-right hand corner.