Overview: In the past, providing paid sick leave was at an employer's discretion in the private sector. Now, a handful of states, plus more than two dozen municipalities across the country, have passed paid sick leave laws, with more on the way.
This means that an employer located in - or with employees located in - any state or city with a paid sick leave law needs to be taking every necessary step to ensure compliance. The job is even more difficult if the employer must comply with paid sick leave laws in more than one state or city. HR must understand the nuances of each applicable law and how the laws work together (or don’t) in order to effectively: 1) write policies; 2) establish procedures; and 3) guide management.
One of the major policy decisions an employer needs to consider is whether employees will accrue sick leave based on hours worked or will have the full bank of sick time frontloaded at the beginning of each year. Multi-jurisdictional employers need to decide whether to apply one policy to all locations (thereby providing the most generous leave benefits to employees) or to administer different policies depending on where employees work.
An employer needs a system for tracking each employee's hours worked in a covered location and sick leave accrued (if that is the approach used by the employer). An employer should also ensure employees receive proper - and timely - notice of their paid sick leave rights. In some jurisdictions, an employer must provide employees with their individual sick leave accrual and usage information.
Employees generally are protected from retaliation for requesting or using sick leave. Therefore, it is extremely important that managers not only understand the policies and procedures to follow when approached with a sick leave request, but also how a negative reaction to a sick leave request may be seen as illegal retaliation.
Trends: Many paid sick leave laws include so-called "safe" time provisions, which provide leave rights to employees affected by domestic and sexual violence. Under such laws, an employee may be entitled to take leave not only to receive medical care but also to attend court proceedings, relocate, obtain counseling or obtain services from a victim services organization.
Author: Melissa Burdorf, JD, Legal Editor
Updated to include information on the forthcoming 50-State chart: Tip Credit and Tip Pooling by State and Municipality.
Updated to reflect the Dallas paid sick leave law, and implementing rules, effective August 1, 2019, and to reflect a delay in the implementation of the San Antonio paid sick leave law.
The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has upheld a Pittsburgh law requiring paid sick leave for workers employed within the city. Meanwhile, San Antonio's paid sick leave ordinance has been delayed until December 1, after local business groups sued to stop the law from taking effect.
July 1 brings many new requirements with which employers must comply, covering topics such as gender-neutral restrooms, e-cigarettes, discrimination and harassment, minimum wage, leaves of absence and recruiting and hiring. This article provides an overview of trending topics in employment law and a list of all new requirements by state.
As mandated by the City of Dallas, covered employers must post the Dallas Paid Sick Leave Poster.
Updated to reflect a delay to the start of the state paid family and medical leave program.
Starting in 2020, employers with 50 or more employees in Nevada will be required to provide employees up to 40 hours hours of paid leave per benefit year. In addition, Nevada's minimum wage will increase by 75 cents per year, until it reaches $12 per hour in 2020.
Michigan employers with 50 or more employees seeking to educate employees about the availability of paid sick and safe leave, using the lump sum method, and to show their compliance with the Michigan Paid Medical Leave Act should consider including this model policy statement in their handbook.
HR support for managing paid sick leave.