Author: Lynda A. C. Macdonald
US Consultant: Julie DiMauro
- An effective grievance procedure is important in fostering a culture of fair treatment that encourages commitment and staff retention. See The Importance of Handling Grievances Fairly and Effectively.
- A grievance should usually be dealt with by the immediate supervisor of the employee who raised it. See Who Should Deal With Grievances?
- The number of stages in a grievance procedure will depend on the size of the organization, its management structure and the resources available to it. However, it is best practice to include a right of appeal, if possible. See The Structure of a Grievance Procedure and Appealing a Grievance Decision.
- It is important that grievances are dealt with in a timely fashion. See The Importance of Dealing With Grievances Promptly.
- Because some employees may be reluctant to raise grievances, supervisors should be proactive in asking how employees perceive various workplace issues. See Reluctance to Raise Grievances.
- While most grievances can be dealt with informally, employees should have the opportunity to raise a formal grievance if they wish. See Handling Grievances Informally and Handling Grievances Formally.
- Dealing with a grievance may involve carrying out an investigation and interviewing witnesses. See Carrying Out and Investigation and Interviewing Witnesses.
- A grievance hearing should be conducted fairly and impartially, with the employee given the opportunity to voice his or her concerns without interruption. The supervisor should ensure that feedback on the outcome of the meeting is given to the employee. See Conducting a Grievance Hearing and The Outcome of a Grievance.