Overview: A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a method of examining a job from beginning to end to decide what, if any, dangers exist in the way the job is being performed. By watching every step of a job function, an employer can determine if anything needs to be done to make a job safer.
JHAs can be performed on any job, no matter how safe it seems; and, in fact, a seemingly small, harmless job, done incorrectly, could cause problems down the chain of production in a more dangerous job function. Still, even if the employer does not do a complete evaluation of every job, a JHA should be done on jobs with a higher propensity towards accidents and injuries.
A JHA is done by watching employees perform a task from the beginning (training, donning and doffing personal protective equipment, etc.) until it is completely finished. Then, the employer or analyzer answers questions about the way the job is being handled:
The answers to these and many other questions can help improve workplace safety.
Author: Melissa Gonzalez Boyce, JD, Legal Editor
Employment glossary definition of Job Hazard Analysis.
HR guidance on performing a job hazard analysis.