Overview: The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is cracking down on employment discrimination against individuals with disabilities (a more preferred term than “disabled employees”) under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). An individual is considered disabled under the ADA if he or she: (i) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; or (ii) has a record of such an impairment; or (iii) is regarded as having such an impairment. Employers need to apply this definition broadly and are wise to focus more on the interactive process and the duty to accommodate the individual. In addition, because many states and municipalities have laws that define what constitutes a disability, employers should check their state/local law to ensure full compliance.
Employers should also ensure they have the required ADA poster and supplement in locations that can be easily seen by applicants and employees and that their policies, programs and practices follow the purpose and language of the amended ADA.
Trends: With the passage of the ADA Amendments Act (ADAAA), many more individuals fall within the ADA's definition of disability. The growing definition of disability is another reason why an employee who has a disability wants to be considered an individual with a disability, as opposed to being a disabled employee. Therefore, employer focus on the interactive process and reasonably accommodating employees - and not on whether the individual is disabled - is increasingly paramount.
"No fault" leave or attendance policies under which employees are automatically terminated after being on leave for a specific period of time can be considered a violation of the ADA if the policy or practice fails to incorporate an interactive process to assess whether additional leave may be a reasonable accommodation under the ADA. The EEOC has targeted several employers - to the tune of millions of dollars - challenging such no-fault leave policies.
Author: Melissa S. Burdorf, JD, Legal Editor
The 6th Circuit Court of Appeals, which covers Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee, has ruled that an employer did not violate the Americans with Disabilities Act by denying an employee's request to telecommute, holding that regular and predictable attendance is an essential job function.
Nebraska has amended its Fair Employment Practice Act to require reasonable accommodations for pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions.
In-depth review of the spectrum of Nebraska employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to Disability Related Leave; Requests for Accommodations.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) that elaborates on how Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to employer wellness programs. The EEOC invites employers and other interested parties to submit comments on the proposed rules.
Telecommuting programs have numerous advantages for both employees and employers, including combatting absenteeism, boosting productivity and morale, and increasing employee retention. Employers should follow the steps in this How To on managing telecommuters.
A divided full panel of the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Ford Motor Company did not violate the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) when it decided not to allow an employee with irritable bowel syndrome to telecommute four days a week.
The US Supreme Court held in Young v. UPS that employers are not required to accommodate pregnant employees under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), but an employer may violate the PDA if it accommodates some employees but not pregnant employees.
Effective August 1, 2015, the North Dakota Human Rights Act will include a pregnancy accommodation requirement.
HR guidance on handling employees with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Support on the many regulations of the ADA.